Sexually transmitted diseases, formerly known as venereal diseases, are a group of diseases spread during unprotected sex.
- Are caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and other microscopic organisms.
- A infected person can still spread the disease without realizing it, because there might be no symptoms and the infection may continue unnoticed.
- Affects people of any age and sex, but teens and young adults are at the greatest risk of becoming infected.
- The most known are: trichomoniasis, chlamydia, candidiasis or vaginal thrush, gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, herpes, condilomatosis, viral hepatitis and the feared HIV / AIDS.
- If not prevented or treated quickly can cause sterility, chronic illnesses, and even death.
Ways to spread the condition include:
- Unprotected sexual contact with infected persons.
- Transfusions with unsafe or uncertified blood.
- Use of contaminated needles from infected people.
- Through the placenta from the sick mother, to the fetus or to the newborn.
- Breastfeeding from a mother with AIDS.
No anal or vaginal penetration are a must to avoid being affected. Rubbing and touching the gengitals is sufficient enough to become infected. Before the male ejaculation there is a pre-seminal fluid, which is potentially infectious. A person could have two or more diseases at the same time too.
Treating a SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE must be conducted and controlled by a doctor and needs to treat both the patient and sexual partner. There should be no self prescription, because if treated incorrectly, there can be serious consequences.
The proper use of condoms is the best option for prevention.